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Minister and Secretary MoST with Technical Team
Minister chaired the meeting of BoG of NIO
Fifth meeting of Board of Governors (BoG) of National Institute of Oceanography (NIO) was held at the NIO Head office, Karachi on 16th October 2015. The meeting was Chaired by the Honorable Rana Tanweer Hussain, Federal Minister for Science and Technology, Government of Pakistan.
The Minister appreciated the efforts undertaken by NIO in successfully getting approved Pakistan’s case for Continental Shelf Extension beyond 200 Nautical Miles from United Nations with in a total cost of Rs. 500 millions. The extended area of 50,000 sq. km now also means the extension of our limits of research. Therefore, NIO now has the responsibility once again to remain focused in exploration of the extended Economic Zone and lead the efforts once again for the benefit and uplift of our country.
The Minister also had a brief meeting with technical team members of Continental Shelf Extension Program of Pakistan.
The Minister appreciated the R&D efforts currently being undertaken by NIO in collaboration of national and international stakeholders for the development of Marine Resources for the economic uplift of the Country and emphasized on launching of new projects for socio-economic uplift of the all Pakistanis. He ensured The Government's full cooperation in achieving NIO's goals and targets set forth in Vision 2025 and our International obligations..
He supported NIO's request for the acquisition of a dedicated research platform that was critical for any oceanographic Institution and emphasized that new and fresh opportunities are arising from the announcement of the Pak-China Economic Corridor and therefore it was paramount that we all contribute towards building our great Nation.
The Federal Minister further directed NIO to act upon the recommendation given by the Senate’s Standing Committee on Science and Technology regarding the sea water intrusion and land subsidence so that impacts on the coastal areas of Pakistan could be minimized.

Seawater Intrusion Workshop

NIO has organized an International workshop on “Seawater Intrusion Affecting Coast, Ecosystem and livelihoods” on 20 October 2015 at Marriott Hotel, Karachi. The objective of the workshop was to address the issues related to seawater intrusion in the coastal areas and to explore possible measures to reduce or lessen its impacts through mutual sharing of experiences and information within scientific community, policy makers and management responsible. Delegations from Second Institute of Oceanography, Hangzhou and State Key Laboratory for Estuarine and Coastal Research, Shanghai, China are participated in the workshop.

Mr. Abid Hussain, Additional Secretary, Ministry of Science & Technology was the chief guest of the workshop.

Dr. Naeem Ahmed of NIO briefly introduced the theme of the workshop. Director General of NIO, Dr. Asif Inam, Dr. Huang Daji (SIO), Vice Admiral Perviz Asghar (NCMPR), Prof. Dr. Xu Dongfeng (SIO), Dr. M. Ashraf (PCRWR), Dr.Yang Hui (SIO) Prof. Dr. Zhanghua Wang (SKLEC), Dr. A R. Tabrez (COMSATS), Dr. Samina Kidwai (NIO), Dr. Haider Hasan (NED), Dr. Nuzhat Khan (NIO), Prof. Dr. Shahid Amjad (IoBM), Prof. Dr. Sarfraz H. Solangi (Sindh University) , Saeed Ahmed Bablani (Sindh University), Dr. Hui Wu (SKLEC), Mehwish Shafi Khan (SUPARCO), Shella Bano (PCRWR), Mudassar Umar (SUPARCO), Ibrahim Zia (NIO) also spoke and shared their work on seawater intrusion.

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The National Institute of Oceanography organized an International workshop on Seawater Intrusion on 20 October 2015. Follow-up of this event included a field trip on 21 October to the Keti Bundar, Hajamro creek area jointly carried out by NIO and the Chinese scientists with the support of the Commander Coast, Pakistan Navy.

On 22 October the Chinese scientist spent a whole day deliberations on areas of cooperation and identifying new avenues of research collaboration. The afternoon session comprised of bilateral discussion comprising of evaluating progress since the signing of the MoUs and modalities of submitting proposals. The Chinese side was led by Prof. Dr. Huang Daji Deputy Director General, Second Institute of Oceanography-State Oceanic Administration, P.R. China and the Pakistan side was led by Dr. Asif Inam Director General, National Institute of Oceanography. Mr. Khan Wazir Khan Assistant Scientific Advisor (IL Wing, MoST was also present during all the proceedings. The meeting was attended by all scientists of NIO and the visiting scientists of the P.R. China.

Remembering the 1945 Makran Tsunami
Tsunamis waves of local origin, which account for most fatalities due to tsunami worldwide, pose a natural hazard on shores of the Arabian Sea. The main source of this hazard is the Makran subduction zone, an active boundary between converging tectonic plates that slants gently northward beneath the Arabian Sea coasts of Iran and Pakistan. Its seaward edge tracks the foot of the continental slope for a distance of 800 kilometres (refer to map below). Were the zone to break along its entire length, the resulting earthquake might be in a range of magnitude 8.7-9.2, and the ensuing tsunami would likely exceed 10 metres in height along most coasts of northern Oman, southeast Iran, Pakistan, and northwest India.

This worst-case scenario scales up the Makran earthquake and tsunami of 1945. The earthquake, of magnitude 8.1, resulted from fault rupture in an eastern part of the subduction zone along what is now the coast of Pakistan.

The rupture started offshore of Pasni and extended beneath Ormara. The ensuing tsunami has been ascribed in part to submarine slides5,11,19, and trapping of its waves on the continental shelf has also been proposed. The shaking and fooding in 1945 occured early on 28 November local time. Thirteen deaths attributed to the tsunami were confrmed in Bombay (Mumbai).
(... 1945-Makran-tsunami-booklet).

The UN Commission on Limits of Continental Shelf hason Friday 21st March 2015 finally announced adoption of the recommendations for Extension of Pakistan Continental Shelf. With this Pakistan’s continental shelf limits stands extended from 200 to 350 nautical miles, giving Pakistan sovereign rights over additional areaof 50,000sq km beyond Pakistan’s Exclusive Economic Zone thus increasing Pakistan’s maritime area from 250,000 sq km at present to about 290,000 sq km.

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  • Bathymetric Survey
    Pishukan Fish Landing Jetty
    On a request of Gwadar Development Authority (GDA), the National Institute of Oceanography (NIO) carried out detailed bathymetric survey of the Pishukan Fish Harbour. The harbour is facing problem of siltation therefore to make it useful for small and large fishing boats, the Gwadar Development Authority decided to dredge the silt deposited within the jetty area. As a pre-requisite of a dredging, two bathymetric surveys are required to be conducted to determine the volume of silt that need to be dredged before the dredging and after the dredging.
    NIO carried out the initial survey in February 2013. This report contains the details of the bathymetric survey and the data acquired. This report also contains the volume of sand at a pre-dredged stage. A comparison of present bathymetric data with the survey conducted by NIO in February 2013 is also included in this report.

    Call for papers...."Pakistan Journal of Oceanography"

    This is a
    The contributions for Pakistan Journal of Oceanography” (ISSN 1817-1761), Volume 6(2), 2014-15 to make it for publishing in the January 2016 issue should reach the Editorial Office by 30 November 2015,...
    Pakistan Journal of Oceanography !

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