NATIONAL INSTITUTE OF OCEANOGRAPHY
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INTERNATIONAL SEABED AUTHORITY HAS ELECTED MR KHALID MEHMOOD OF NIO AS MEMBER OF LEGAL & TECHNICAL COMMISSION

The Council of the International Seabed Authority, in a meeting in Kingston on Friday 22 July, completed the election of a new cadre of experts to serve on the Legal and Technical Commission (LTC) for the next five years. Mr Khalid Mehmood Awan of NIO, is one of 30 members elected as member of Legal & Technical Commission for the term of five years (starting from 1 January 2017). Dr Shahid Amjad and Dr Asif Inam of National Institute of Oceanography served as members of Legal & Technical Commission during (2002-2006) and (2007 Ė 2011) respectively.

Mr. Awan is an active geoscientist of NIO. He was one of the members of the Technical Team who successfully defended Pakistanís Submission during interactions with the United Nations Commission on the Limits of the Continental Shelf. He joined Continental Shelf Extension Project in 2005, and completed different assignments and tasks of the project and participated in scientific cruises for seismic and bathymetric data collection for the Continental Shelf Extension Project.

Importance of Pakistanís presence in the LTC be seen in the context of the extended Continental Shelf area. Pakistan has successfully extended its Continental Shelf beyond 200 Nautical Miles. All the seabed area beyond 200 Nautical Miles is regulated/monitored by the ISBA through its LTC with reference to any exploration & exploitation activities by the coastal state. As per directive of Prime Minister, Ministry of Science & Technology and NIO are actively pursuing to take measures that could enable Pakistan to explore and exploit the seabed mineral resources from the extended continental shelf area.

UNITED NATIONS COMMISSION ACCEPTS PAKISTANíS CASE ON THE EXTENTED CONTINENTAL SHELF FOR PAKISTAN
The UN Commission on Limits of Continental Shelf hason Friday 21st March 2015, announced adoption of the recommendations for Extension of Pakistan Continental Shelf. With this Pakistanís continental shelf limits stands extended from 200 to 350 nautical miles, giving Pakistan sovereign rights over additional areaof 50,000sq km beyond Pakistanís Exclusive Economic Zone thus increasing Pakistanís maritime area from 240,000 sq km at present to about 290,000 sq km.






SITUATION VACANT - JULY 2016.

Watch the documentary on the Continental Shelf Extension of Pakistan.

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R&D work at GWADER, BALOCHISTAN

NIO has conducted coastal survey off Gwadar from 23-27 February 2016. During the oceanographic survey, observation of physical, chemical, geological and biological parameters are collected. The possibility of establishing permanent oceanographic observation stations on the coast was also explored. This survey was under NIO's regular R&D and will undertake the coast and shallow water monitoring program.

During the survey, samples were collected from ten oceanographic stations, using Conductivity Temperature Density (CTD), Grab, Niskin and plankton nets were used.

During the cruise, newly acquired Side Scan Sonar was used, the instrument is state-of-art system for detecting objects on the seafloor. Luckily during the survey, team has identified sunken fishing boat at the bottom of coastal area. This was a test for a newly acquired instrument for the fine scale at which the instrument may be able to provide seafloor observations.

NIO has a oceanographic substation at Gwadar and maintains local staff at the facility, during the survey one of the objectives was to provide on the job, hands on training to the NIO Gwadar staff in the field and laboratory. The Gwader staff was involved with the Karachi based NIO team to operate all the instruments and gear on the offshore sampling. Rapid Ecological Survey techniques were explained to the staff and data recording was demonstrated.




Bathymetric Survey
Pishukan Fish Landing Jetty
On a request of Gwadar Development Authority (GDA), the National Institute of Oceanography (NIO) carried out detailed bathymetric survey of the Pishukan Fish Harbour. The harbour is facing problem of siltation therefore to make it useful for small and large fishing boats, the Gwadar Development Authority decided to dredge the silt deposited within the jetty area. As a pre-requisite of a dredging, two bathymetric surveys are required to be conducted to determine the volume of silt that need to be dredged before the dredging and after the dredging.
NIO carried out the initial survey in February 2013. This report contains the details of the bathymetric survey and the data acquired. This report also contains the volume of sand at a pre-dredged stage. A comparison of present bathymetric data with the survey conducted by NIO in February 2013 is also included in this report.




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